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Rapeseeds


SPECIFICATIONS:


Moisture   max 9% 
Impuriries   max 2%
Grain admixture
Oil content
  max 5%
  min 38% 

ORIGIN - Ukraine



General Characteristics 


 - Brassica napus Linnaeus—known as rapeseed, rape, oilseed rape, and in some cultivars, Canola—is a bright yellow flowering member of the Brassicacea family (mustard or cabbage family). It is a mustard crop grown primarily for its seed which yields about forty percent oil and a high-protein animal feed.


Rapeseed field





World market


 - Global rapeseed production has undergone sustained growth over the past 20 years. Having surpassed cottonseed production in the early 2000’s, it is now the second most produced oilseed behind soybeans. The major producers are China, India, Canada and European Union. During this same period, rapeseed crushing has risen strongly, Europe being the major player in this expansion (development of biodiesel) followed to a lesser extent by Canada and China. World exports of rapeseeds are dominated by Canada, by far the largest exporter. Japan is a traditional importer, while China and the EU are less regular buyers.



Major areas of production of rapeseed seeds


 - Rapeseed has, at present, four major production areas, each of approximately equal surface: Chine, India, Canada and the European Union.



Major areas of production of rapeseed seeds considering volume-production


 - Rapeseed production is much less evenly distributed than areas under cultivation. The EU is by far the world’s largest producer with about 20 Mt per year followed by Canada (15 Mt) and China (12 Mt). India with about 6 Mt yearly is well behind although with a comparable acreage.





Rapeseed world trade of seeds


 - There are three categories of countries in the world: those that produce more than they process, such as Ukraine, Australia and Canada; those whose processing is broadly the same as their production, which is the case of India, Russia, China and Europe as a whole; and countries such as the USA, Germany, Mexico and the UAE that produce less than they process.





Rapeseed exports of seeds


 - World exports of rape seeds are dominated by Canada, by far the largest exporter, followed essentially by just two other countries, Australia and Ukraine.





Rapeseed imports of seeds


 - On the imports side, Japan is a traditional player with a steady consumption while China and the EU27 are less predictable buyers.





Evolution of rapeseed seeds, oils and meals prices


 - The price of the oilseeds (Fig. 28a) peaked in 2008 and since 2010 have reencountered historically high levels. Whilst prices have fallen sharply since the 2013 harvest, they remain above the lows of 2009.





Conclusion      

                                                        

 - The development of biodiesel has induced a significant increase in both the production and consumption of rapeseed oil. Along with the energy use of this oil, there is growing interest in its food uses observed in China (China’s demand for oil has added 2–3 Mt to global consumption), in the USA (1 more Mt per year), and in Korea. After 2020, the fate of the first-generation biofuels is likely to become less favorable. Nevertheless, depending on changes in the relative valuation of the meals and the trends observed in the USA where the nutritional properties of rapeseed oil have led to increase its usage in food, one can expect that the demand will remain sufficiently strong to sustain a continuous progression in rapeseed, even if this growth slackens in comparison with that of the last ten years.