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Mustard seeds


SPECIFICATIONS:

Moisture   max 9% 
Impurities  max 2% 
Grain admixture  max 5%
Oil content  min 26-30%

ORIGIN - Ukraine


General Characteristics

 - Mustard seed (Brassica spp.) is an annual, cool season crop that can be grown in a short growing season, commonly in rotation with small grains. A relative of canola, mustard seed has the advantage of being more tolerant to drought, heat, and frost. Ukraine produces three mustard types: yellow (Sinapis alba), brown, and oriental (Brassica juncea).
 - Mustard seeds obtained from mustard plants which is a cruciferous vegetable related to broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cabbage. Its Botanical Name is "Brassica Juncea". These are small round seeds usually about 1 or 2mm in diameter. Mustard seeds may be colored ranging from yellowish white to black. It is a rich source of oil and protein. It can be crushed to form a paste that is mixed with water to form condiment. It can also be dried and crushed to form a powder, which is further processed to form mustard sauce. Approximately there are 40 different varieties of mustard plants.
 - Mustard seed (yellow) contains 20% to 30% of protein, 24% to 35% of oil, 6% to 12% of lipids and 12% to 18% carbohydrates. Mustard oil contains 93% allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), which helps against the growth of moulds, yeast, listeria, E.coli and several other food borne pathogen.
 
 
Mustard fields




Mustard seed types



Global market

 - Canada is the world's largest producer of Mustard seed followed by China and India. As the leading producing countries rapeseed oil is usually produced to meet their own domestic demand, that's why the world trade in this oil is very low as compared to the other edible oils. Canada is the largest exporter of the mustard seeds. The area and production of mustard seed have been increasing consistently. Being an important source of oil and protein meal, mustard seed is grown across the world. European Union leads the list of rapeseed producing countries with around 21,584 thousand tonnes of production in 2009-10. In the current decade, the area of mustard seed rose from 24.69 million hectares (2000-01) to 30.82 million hectares (2009-10) growing at Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 3.32%. The production rose from 37.33 million tonnes (2000-01) to 59.58 million tonnes (2009-10) growing at CAGR of 6.20%.


Mustard seed crop calendar



Main importing countries



Global mustard seed export and import



Demand

 - Mustard seed is primarily used as a source of edible oil and protein meal, while it is also used as a condiment. The seeds when crushed, yield's 33% oil and 67% protein meal content. The semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed, which can be used as a lubricant, illuminant and also for making soap apart from being edible. The mustard meal is used as animal feed because of its protein content. Over the last 4-5 years, the production and consumption has     been in synchronize with each other and the ending stocks have been in the range of 5.2% to 9.9% of the total production. The consumption of Mustard seed as a condiment is higher in India compared to that of the world.
 - Mustard is used in Indian, French, German and Irish cuisines. Mustard is used in salad dressings, egg dishes, cheese dishes, pickles and vegetables. Mustard is rubbed over meat before roasting. It is also added to butter to give butter a pleasant flavor. Mustard is also used as remedy for bronchitis, muscular &skeletal pains, fever and cold. 


Mustard seed area and production




Products and uses  

- Mustard seed is used primarily in the condiment and food industries, in the form of either seed or oil. It is also used as an emulsifier, a water binding agent, and for texture control in many products (the bran or seed coat of yellow mustard contains about 25% arabinogalactan, a mucilaginous substance).   
- Yellow mustard seed, the mildest of the three types, is suitable for a wide range of applications, including dry milling for flour, wet milling for mustard pastes, and whole ground seed for spice mixes, meat processing, and other food products. The oil content of yellow mustard seed is the lowest of the three types of mustard at approximately 27%. 
 - Brown and oriental mustard seed are hot and spicy. Brown mustard seed is ground into flour which is used to produce hot mustard used in European products. The oil content of brown mustard seed is about 36%. Oriental mustard seed is often used to produce spicy cooking oils. There are oriental mustard seed varieties grown in Canada that have oil contents of up to 50%, although the average oil content is approximately 39%.  


Area and production in India





Factors that influence market

 - Demand and supply of Mustard seed, mustard seed oil and other oil seeds
 - Area for cultivation for Mustard seed, mustard seed oil and other oil seeds
 - Government policies on import and export
 - Base Price
 - Weather Conditions


Mustard seed prices in India